Sunday, October 31, 2010

Draft Theses on the Crisis and World Situation

Greek Youth February 2010

1- Objectively we are living through a major structural crisis of global capitalism. We said when this crisis hit in mid 07 that it was a major crisis of falling profits endemic to capitalism. The subprime crisis was only a surface effect of the underlying failure to invest in production that was not profitable. So-called ‘financialization’ is just the appearance of ‘finance capital’ (understood in Lenin’s terms as the fusion of industrial and banking capital) being driven out of the productive circuit by the tendency for the rate of profit to fall. The result has been many trillions of overproduced surplus capital speculating in existing commodities driving up their prices and creating a bubble of fictitious capital. The crisis will only be resolved for the ruling class when they have devalued sufficient surplus capital to enable profits to be restored.

2- The first phase of the crisis brought about the biggest rescue of capital by the state in history yet the crisis is not over and capital is still facing trillions of bad debts which have yet to be devalued or destroyed. Nor have the ruling classes yet imposed the deep austerity measures that they need to restore their profits. The initial reaction to the 'financial crisis' was to increase state spending i.e. reflation. According to Ticktin, however, this year the G20 made the decision to reverse reflation and radically deflate by massively cutting state spending to reduce budget deficits. Only the US resisted this change, probably because the US is not bound by the normal rules and can run massive debts because the dollar is the world currency. The logic of a structural crisis as the ‘solution’ to falling profits is to ‘restructure’ or devalue capital – both constant (plant and raw materials) and variable capital (wages) - by concentrating and centralising capital as the weak firms go bankrupt and strong firms buy up their cheap assets. This means necessarily in the epoch of imperialism a growing rivalry between imperialist powers to re-divide the world in the survival of the fittest monopoly firms. This rivalry takes economic form in trade rivalry as each state attempts to block imports but increase exports, but this rivalry can only be resolved by imperialist war or international class war. Today at this point in history this rivalry is most intense between the US led bloc and the China bloc, and it is this growing antagonism that gives concrete expression to the dominant aspects of the epoch of imperialism, of crises, wars and revolutions. Once again a structural crisis means we have to choose between socialism or barbarism and we are well down the road to barbarism.

3- The so-called currency war is a first step in a trade war with China that the US cannot win because China's low labor costs combined with rapid technological upgrading means it is the most productive of commodities with least labour time (value) and can out-compete its rivals. China has overtaken Japan and Germany as the workshop of the world and cannot be beaten in the trade war. The value of the yuan is therefore not artificially kept low but reflects China’s capitalist productive dynamism. What is more China is moving rapidly from a capital importing country to a capital exporting country which means it is extending its high productivity base globally in sourcing cheap raw materials and labor power and finding new markets outside the US and Asia in which to manufacture and sell its cheap commodities.

4- China is winning the trade war and rapidly expanding its spheres of interest at the expense of the US and its main partners the UK, France and Spain. A number of countries have avoided the worst aspects of the recession through trade driven by China. US allies like Italy, Germany and Australia are trading and investing heavily with China. Turkey is turning from the EU towards China. In Brazil one fraction of the national bourgeoisie is opposed to further growth in China investments especially in agriculture and in key sectors such as communications. The ALBA states are becoming dependent on China and looking for new loans to maintain popularity with the masses. In Ecuador, Correa is doing deals with China to build dams and infrastructure and loan money to balance the budget. The recent attempted coup was a weak move by the US to exploit discontent with Correa’s move to the right, which was not to appease the US but rather China which is driving hard bargains with Ecuador.

5- This growing rivalry with China and the increasing power of the China bloc (which threatens to split NATO) means that the US must rev up its use of military force around the world to counter China’s influence. Its struggle for control of Central Asia that has justified the invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan has not been able to contain or weaken China or Russia. Russia is now looking to collaborate with NATO in its military intervention in Afghanistan.The wikileaks exposed the fact that Iraq was always under the dominance of the Shi’ites. Kazai gets money from Iran and seeks a deal with the Taliban. The dominant national blocs in Iraq and Afghanistan are aligned to Iran and Pakistan respectively, both of which are closer to the China bloc than the US bloc. Therefore the US must move on Iran and Pakistan to squeeze out China. The US is renewing its plans for building the TAPI pipeline from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Pakistan to India to weld an alliance in South Asia to break Russia and China’s domination of Central Asian oil.

6- The growing US drone attacks on Pakistan mean that the US wants to take direct control of Pakistan to isolate its nuclear weapons and to checkmate China’s overland access to Arabian Gulf and Iran. Bangladesh has now been incorporated into NATO South Asian allies and is sending troops to the war in Afghanistan. In the growing military confrontation over control of Central Asia the nuclear armed India is being pressured by the US into buying Patriot 3 missiles to complete the ring of missiles surrounding Russia and China stretching from Japan to Afghanistan. India is also preparing for border wars with China over Kashmir and Nepal. Bangladesh is now part of the encirclement.

7- Ultimately, and inevitably these actual and impending wars must be at the expense of the workers of the world. The huge cost of military spending is driving the US further into debt. While it is still reflating with Quantitative Easing Mark 2 (printing money) this money is going to the banks which are not investing but paying out profits and bonuses. It is not going to the workers who are still losing jobs and homes. With reflation causing inflation the US working class is suffering an historic decline in living standards not seen since the 1930's. The US is bullying Japan and China to carry the debt which becomes translated into attacks on workers living standards in these countries. China is easing back on buying US bonds and shows no signs of bending to any of the threats being issued by the US. It appears instead to be moving to more FDI in the US. Japan is more compliant but unable to finance US debt as its economy is not strong enough. Japan under the Democratic Party government is under pressure from Japanese workers opposed to paying billions for US bases.

8- Thus the US and other increasingly bankrupt imperialists have no option but to impose the cost of the crisis onto the backs of the worlds’ workers with so-called austerity measures. The bailouts of the banks has imposed big budget deficits which the ruling class is determined to cut by cutting social spending and/or by “quantitative easing” both of which cuts the value of variable capital (wages). The US, UK and EU imperialist states are forcibly expropriating surplus value not only from workers today, but from workers in future generations, to maintain the monopoly profits of their imperialist classes. This means massive unemployment and social spending. These so-called austerity measures are draconian. In every country the ruling class is trying to solve its crisis of falling profits by reducing taxes on capital, and this means massively cutting social spending on the social wage. In Britain the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition government is promising a cut in public sector spending in excess of 20%. In Greece, Spain, Portugal, Ireland and France there are major cuts on social spending being imposed on workers.

9- As unemployment rises and services are cut, the anger of millions of workers facing poverty and destitution is growing. But this anger is being steered by the main union bosses into token protests to build mass pressure to push the bourgeois regimes to the left containing and diverting the rise of working class militancy onto the parliamentary road. Where the social democratic parties are in power imposing austerity as in Greece and Spain, the fight-back is being limited by the unions to pressuring these governments to make these austerity measures less damaging. In the US where the open bourgeois Democrat Party controls Congress and the Presidency, the One Nation Project is being organized by the union tops to put pressure on the Democrats to adopt a new deal Keynesian counter-cyclic policy. Where they are out of power, social democratic parties are shifting slightly to the left to head off mass militancy against the ruling conservative parties, so that this fightback is contained and channeled into the election of Social Democratic governments at the next elections. In Britain the Blairite Labour Party under Ed Milliband has feinted slightly to the left in recognizing that if the CONDEM regime cannot contain a mass fightback and is brought down, then social democracy can still try to play a role in containing militant industrial action from developing into a revolutionary challenge to the bourgeois system itself.

10- These social democrats or left liberals are arguing that austerity is a wrong policy since it leads to deflation and depression. They hope to direct workers anger into social democratic and left liberal programs that can solve the crisis. In Britain the fake left SWP (see New Left Blog) argues that the CONDEM austerity is not necessary for the restoration of profits! Of course this exposes their non-Marxist view that capitalist crises are merely the result of wrong policies and elite greed. Marxists know that capitalist crises are the inevitable result of capital over-accumulation, and while reformists sow illusions in the possibility of reflation to boost jobs and incomes, crises can only be resolved in the bosses’ interests by massive deflation. The crisis forces a devaluation of total capital by destroying the weakest banks and firms allowing the strongest to concentrate and centralize their ‘good’ assets into even bigger monopolies. We can see this has been happening since 2007. It is not in the interests of Morgan Stanley, HSBC, Citibank etc., as well as the big Euro banks and big Chinese banks, to resort to reflation if it devalues the good assets and prevents the devaluing of bad assets. These gigantic monopolies completely control their nation states and dictate economic policy to protect their class interests. This is why the bailouts have gone into bosses’ pockets and not into new investment in production. This means that the ruling class will close ranks behind their national states in defence of their monopoly corporations and make the weakest firms, nations, and of course workers, go to the wall.

11- The result is that the destruction of total value to restore profits includes the total value of labour power through job losses and wage cuts. Thus it is the working class that ultimately always pays for the crisis. As the austerity bites we can see the spontaneous fightback spreading from Greece to Spain, to France in the EU. From the first strikes that began in 2008 in Greece we have seen a succession of strikes controlled by the bureaucracy. In Spain it is the same, no strike call has lead to a national coordination of strike actions, or an indefinite general strike. Not until France have we seen the strikes spread and threaten to break out of the control of the bureaucrats. Yet, even here we do not see a breakdown of bureaucratic control, because no revolutionary leadership has emerged that can turn spontaneous strikes into a general strike to bring down the bourgeois government and put a workers government in its place. The fake Trotskyists of the NPA say that they will not call for a general strike and will back the negotiations between the bureaucrats and the bourgeois regime. (Le Monde).The IMT calls for a general strike to defeat the government and paralyze the economy, and for the Communist Party to demand the nationalisation of the big companies and the banks!

12- The objective dynamic of worsening crisis clashes with the subjective absence of a revolutionary leadership to lead the working class to solve the crisis in it class interests. The failure to build this leadership will mean that working class struggle is unable to challenge the power of the ruling class, leaving the middle classes who are also hit by the crisis and the more backward non-unionized sectors of the working class. They will be ripe for fascist mobilization to smash the workers organisations blaming them as responsible for the flood of migrant workers, and for the loss of jobs and the austerity measures rather than the capitalist class itself. In France while the unions mobilise strike action there is almost no organized opposition to Sarkosy’s campaign of forced extradition of Roma and the ban against the wearing of Burqa in public. It is clear that the bureaucratic leadership of Labour and social democratic parties are part of the national salvation blocs that are always formed by the imperialists and national bourgeoisies to unite workers and middle class with the bourgeoisie against foreign workers and against the international threat of a socialist revolution.

13- In the face of mounting evidence of man-made climate change and big changes in weather patterns that cause devastating floods and crop failures, the climate change denier lobby is working for the corporates to inflame the populist petty bourgeois and backward workers into blaming carbon taxes on profits as more taxation of the little person by big states. The oil giants like BP can still get away with massive destruction in wars for oil in the Middle East, and a catastrophic oil spill in the Caribbean and pays only a small part of the social and environmental costs of such capitalist disasters. Here we see the full face of capitalism riding roughshod over national states to destroy the forces of production including the habitat of whole populations as in Pakistan and in the Gulf of Mexico. And while China is now leading the world in ‘green’ technology, it is still building dams and nuclear plants, rail-tracks through tundra and forests around the world, high speed rail even in California, cultivating vast tracts of agricultural land despoiling natural habitats in Brazil and Tibet, enlarging its carbon footprint with each giant step around the world.

14- We can see the proto-fascist movements already in existence. In Britain the national salvation bloc is the Bj4Bw campaign of 2009 which sought to protect jobs for British workers against other EU workers. This puts the British trade unions in the same reactionary national camp as the BNP and other extreme right forces. In Germany and the Netherlands there are proto-fascist organisations campaigning against migrant workers, especially of Islamic religion. Germany has had a backlash against immigrants and bailing out Greece. Merkel has called ‘multiculturalism’ a failure. The EU is in danger of being torn apart by the centripetal forces of the bipolar world into rival xenophobias. In the US the Tea Party is a rightwing populist movement aligned to the Republicans that can easily develop into a fascist movement. As the crisis deepens we will see the working class organize to resist its attacks and this will pose a threat to the bourgeoisies who will revive the old fascist arguments for national salvation against alien forces.

15- While Islam has been projected as the main enemy of freedom and democracy since the collapse of the Soviet Union, it is now being rivaled by Chinese ‘communism’. The US ruling class is leading the demonizing of China as a communist regime that is putting capitalist democracy under threat. What underlies this demonization of Chinese ‘communism’ is of course the rise of China as a threat to US hegemony. The weakness of the US economy has prompted a suggestion by a US professor teaching in China that China could even invest its excess finance capital in the US to fund a ‘new deal’? That this can even be proposed marks the perception of a real decline of the US as the hegemonic imperialist power to one that can become dependent on China as the newly hegemonic power. This sense of a loss of hegemonic power is what underlies the blaming of the crisis on China. The rallying of the Tea Party reactionary populism against liberal or ‘socialist’ elites implies that the US people have been sold out to China and to Latin American migrants. China and Bolivarian ‘socialism’ becomes perceived as the overarching enemy of the American people and the cause of its historic decline.

16- The fake ‘left’ defends Castro and Chavez from US imperialism, but sows illusions in their converging brand of Chinese-style ‘market socialism’, or ‘green capitalism’, and so disarms the international working class against the rise of anti-China xenophobia and proto-fascism in the imperialist countries. (Green Left News). The reformist left puts its faith in bourgeois Bonapartist leaders (who balance between the masses and the imperialist bourgeoisie) in the ALBA countries and the restorationist bureaucratic Bonapartists in Cuba rather than call for a political revolution because they think that China as a global power offers a progressive alternative to the imperialist US and its allies. This treachery leaves workers unprepared to stop the restoration of capitalism in Cuba and the coming counter-revolutionary wars at the hands of all the imperialist ruling classes, including China.

17- Facing this objective crisis and the subjective crisis of the failure of revolutionary leadership this puts a huge responsibility on the shoulders of revolutionary Trotskyists to struggle all the more urgently to re-found a revolutionary international on the basis of the Transitional Program of 1938. Trotsky laid down the principles of revolutionary internationalism to fight imperialist crises in the 1930s. In the epoch of imperialism workers have to break from the patriotic popular fronts with their bourgeoisie, and with the labor bureaucrats that act as the agents of the bourgeoisie, and refuse to fight against the workers of other nations. Instead they become brothers and sisters of working class fighters in every nation. Facing a deepening crisis and the inevitable transformation of trade wars between rival imperialist powers into military wars, we must demand the unity of workers of all countries to fight for an international socialist revolution. We must defend all workers especially the most oppressed - on national, ethnic, gender and sexual grounds - against attacks by uniting them into one force across national borders to defeat all attempts by the ruling class and their labor lieutenants to divide and rule the world proletariat.

18- The refounding of a new World Party of Socialism based on a Leninist Trotskyist program will solve the crisis of revolutionary leadership. The only way for workers internationally to stop the fascist counter-revolution is to break from the Bolivarian and Chinese Bonapartist bourgeoisies and their bureaucratic lieutenants and organise their own independent workers councils and workers militias to mount political general strikes to bring down the bourgeois regimes and replace them with Workers and Peasants governments forming socialist federations on every continent!

Ecuador: What’s behind the attempted Coup?

The cause of the attempted coup in October can be found in the backwardness of the Ecuador economy and its new dependence on Chinese imperialism. The least viable of ALBA, facing mounting debt Correa has moved to the right to open up the country to Chinese investment.  This has alienated sections of his support base in the unions and the indigenous organisations (Conaie) who largely kept out of the coup attempt. The Bolivarian populists blame these indigenous social movements as bought by US imperialism, instead of blaming Correa for opening up the country to Chinese imperialism. It is China that is spending billions building a new dam, opening up new mines and making loans for oil.

Under the heading ‘Has China just bought is own Latin American Country?’  one source reports China now finances a majority of the public energy projects underway in Ecuador. Recent deals include an 85% stake in a hydroelectric dam that will cover a third of the country's energy needs by 2016. 

Chinese firms will also take charge of most construction. As you can imagine if another country controlled our utilities, many Ecuadorians are extemely anxious, reports Asia Times: For his part, former Ecuadorean vice president Leon Roldos (1981-1984) maintained that the loan is illegal, because it finances a "turn-key contract" without "definitive studies or detail engineering", which he said is expressly prohibited by law. Ecuadorians are also upset by loans they call larger than necessary: Another contradiction, Roldos argued, is that although it is a fixed price contract, the financing deal is based on price indexing - adjusting amounts by the change over time in prices - for materials and labor power "using a more generous formula than the one normally used for Ecuador's public procurements". In an article published last week by the El Comercio newspaper, the former vice president said the dam was "severely overpriced" because the $1.98 billion price tag is $400 million higher than the cost projected in 2008.

Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Holdings Co. and China Railway Construction Corp. may invest as much as $3 billion in a copper project in Ecuador, as China seeks to control more commodity assets to feed its economy. Production at the Corriente Copper Belt may start in 2013, Hu Guobin, vice president of a venture set up by the two Chinese companies for the project, said in an interview. Annual copper in concentrate output would start at 30,000 metric tons and double a year later, he said. Chinese companies spent more than $30 billion last year buying oilfields and mines as two decades of economic growth averaging 10.1 percent made China the world’s biggest metal and energy consumer. Copper prices have doubled in the past five years, driven by demand in the third-largest economy...Tongling, China’s second-biggest copper producer, and China Railway Construction, the nation’s biggest railroad builder, in December agreed to buy Canada’s Corriente Resources Inc. for C$679 million ($652 million) for the copper resources. The deal was completed and Corriente was delisted this month, according to a statement on Corriente’s website...The rapid expansion of smelting capacity in China, the world’s biggest producer and consumer of copper metal, has increased ore demand and spurred companies to invest overseas. Larger rival Jiangxi Copper Co. invested in copper mines in Peru and Afghanistan, and Zijin Mining Group Co. is seeking copper and cobalt assets in the Republic of Congo. The Corriente Copper Belt covers 17 deposits in the four main mining regions of Mirador, Mirador Norte, Panantza and San Carlos, China Railway said in December. Copper resources are about 11.54 million tons, based on initial studies, it said. Corriente was also involved in the exploration and development of gold, silver and molybdenum mines, according to the December statement.

Ecuador's government signed a loan agreement for $1 billion with the China Development Bank on 31 August 2010.  The loan will have two tranches, one for $800 million and another for $200 million. It will have a fixed interest rate of 6% per year for a four-year term and an additional six-month grace period. The loan will be used to finance Ecuador's investment programme for infrastructure and other budgetary outlays for the 2010-11 period. It will also be used to finance oil projects of national interest, said Finance Minister Patricio Rivera in a press release.The minister said that with this loan Ecuador had ensured its budget financing for 2010. In June, following meetings in Beijing, according the minutes of the meetings reviewed by Dow Jones Newswires, Ecuadorean Finance Ministry and CDB officials signed an agreement for state oil company Petroecuador to supply PetroChina with 36,000 barrels per day of Oriente and Napo crude or fuel oil until the total amount of the loan has been paid. In a decree signed on Friday by President Rafael Correa authorising to sign the loan, Correa said the operation involves Ecuador's Finance Ministry, state-run Petroecuador, Petrochina International Company and the China Development Bank. In July, Ecuador's National Public Planning Secretariat signed a memorandum of understanding with China's National Construction & Agricultural Machinery Imp./Exp. Corp, or CAMC, opening the door for potential financing by Chinese banks worth about $1 billion. Last year Ecuador's state-run oil company, Petroecuador, and PetroChina signed a two-year crude-oil supply contract. An initial $1 billion advance payment for the oil was made in August 2009 to Ecuador, with an interest rate of 7.25%.

Ecuador will probably tap the nation’s pension fund and seek a loan from China next year to help finance its estimated $2.7 billion budget deficit, according to Erich Arispe, an analyst at Fitch Ratings. South America’s seventh-biggest economy may need as much as 4.3 percent of gross domestic product to fund the “relatively large” deficit...Ecuador is using debt to increase spending on infrastructure projects and social programs in a bid to lower unemployment and boost economic growth, President Rafael Correa said in a June 5 statement. The nation’s default on $3.2 billion in bonds since 2008, declining oil production and a slump in private investment has crimped funding sources... The Finance Ministry said yesterday China delivered $800 million of a $1 billion loan agreement signed last month and will deliver the remaining $200 million in the “next months.” Ecuador owed China $3.66 billion as of July 31, according to a Finance Ministry report. The figure doesn’t include the $1 billion loan signed in August. 

US backing for the police and military who staged the coup attempt was probably to test the water to see if it had the support to remove Correa and replace him with a President aligned to the US rather than China. Correa is backed by the Bolivarian left populists who paint his reliance on China as a progressive alternative to the US. He is with Castro, Chavez and Morales, looking to Chinese ‘market socialism’ as the answer to US imperialism. Revolutionaries have to break this international popular front that unites Castro with Hu Jintao!

Saturday, October 30, 2010

France: Out the class collaborationist union leaders in France!

We reproduce the action program of the FLTI on the recent French strikes.  The major defect that the WIVL indentifies is that the fake left calls for 'indefinite general strikes' without saying what would end that fight, namely the overthrow of the bourgeois regime and its replacement by a Workers' Government. This action program fails to remedy that defence as it jumps from the preparation for a general strike to its effect missing out on two key aspects. It needs to be finished off with the call "For a General Strike to overthrow the Bourgeois regime" and "For a Workers Government to bring workers to power to plan the socialist economy" that would replace the bourgeois regime.

General strike committees in every workplace- occupy, resist! 
Down with the imperialist regime and the Sarkozy government!

The trade union leaders have deliberately delayed in calling all the masses out to fight the attacks on workers pensions. They shield the imperialist regime at every step. Now they organize symbolic actions on the 28th October and 6th November while the know the lower house is voting on it on the 27th Oct. They should have organized the millions to come out and face the parliament on the very day they dared vote on it and if these bandit representatives went ahead, the workers should have stormed parliament and dispersed it. Just like in Greece, the treacherous leaders refuse to call for the masses to overthrow the regime. Just
like in Greece, the leaders they want to tire the masses out with endless street demonstrations.

Lutte Ouvriere, the NPA, the FT-CI and others are appearing at the barricades of the oil workers and other strikers making militant calls for ‘indefinite’ general strikes. Strikers need to ask them: ‘You, who want to claim leadership of the struggle, you who have links right up into the union leadership and have international networks, what are you doing to mobilize the rest of the working class to come out on strike, what are you doing about the very leadership who does not want to call any broader action, that leaves us isolated? What are you doing about calling and organising the workers in the surrounding countries to blockade the oil and gas supplies that undermine our strike? You make no call for the toppling of the imperialist Sarkozy regime, so what is your call for an indefinite general strike for? So you can sound militant and make us believe you are our allies? So who has sent you? Your pay masters from  the French banks, so you can betray our struggle from within? Prove yourself, fight for the programme below or step aside’:

  • Down with the imperialist regime of the Fifth French Republic and the  government of Sarkozy!
  • For factory committees in every workplace to prepare for occupation of all factories, mines, capitalist farms, mines, banks, etc.
  • Out with the union bureaucracy from the unions and the workers movement 
  • For general strike committees of delegates of workers, students, unemployed,immigrant workers, rank and file soldiers.
  • For workers self-defence committees
  • Blockade all scab oil, gas and other supplies from entering France
  • For an organizing committee to refound the Fourth International 
  •  All power to the broadened inter-union, general strike committees in France!
Issued by the WIVL for the FLTI.

Tribute to Roque Sanchez, young revolutionary fighter!

We reprint the tribute of the FLTI on the death of the young Peruvian militant Roque Sanchez on 29 October 2010. We first came to know Roque when he was a member of the Lucha Marxista of Peru in 2002. The CWG and Lucha Marxista became members of the Collective in December 2002. When Lucha Marxista and the Collective split in 2004, Roque Sanchez stayed with the Collective which then became the FLT in 2006. While the CWG left the FLTI (as it became in 2009) in 2010, we recognise that Roque Sanchez was a revolutionary youth leader who dedicated his short life to the victory of the revolution. Long live Roque!

A young fighter for the cause of socialist revolution and for the re-foundation of the Fourth International has passed away.

Today, at the age of 28, the young Trotskyist leader Roque Sanchez has died. When he was very young, he joined Peruvian Trotskyism. He lived his first experiences in Trotskyism in the group Poder Obrero of Peru, Lucha Marxista of Cuzco and was a founder member of the Collective for a revolutionary international that LOI-CI of Argentina called to set up in 2001 to regroup the forces of the internationalist revolutionaries when the Ecuadorian and Argentinean revolution hit and started the first fires of the Bolivian revolution.   

With the Split of collective, Roque joined the foundation of the FLT, making a great international work from Peru, collaborating in a decisive way in the work on the lessons of the Peruvian revolution in ’78 and intervened decisively in the process of the Bolivian revolution to where he travelled as a true internationalist in order to intervene in the revolutionary events that shook Bolivia and Latin America in 2003/2005.

In 2009, he was founder member and a delegate of the LTI of Peru to the foundation Congress of the International Leninist Trotskyist Fraction, in where they merged groups led by WIVL of South Africa, the former FLT and observer groups from USA.  

He is co-author of the works on “Bolivia: an expropriated revolution”, as well as a work on a deep research in polemic with the GB of France on the “nature and fight against the labour aristocracy and bureaucracy”.

A young and brilliant Trotskyist leader, but above all an internationalist militant of the proletariat, has passed away at the age of 28. The cruelty of nature finishes his life very early. He died for a cardiac arrest and sudden death.  

He passed away very young, as an adoptive son of the working class since he was 17 years old. 11 years fighting for the cause of proletariat. He gave the absolute majority of his conscious life to the fight for the international socialist revolution and re-founding the Fourth International.  He was committed to that fight as a member of the Secretariat of International Coordination of the International Leninist Trotskyist Fraction thousands of kilometers away from his country. Roque had understood perfectly that if we do not re-found the Fourth International, Trotskyism will never be able to even dream in setting up revolutionary parties in any place of the world for the victory of the socialist revolution. 

Today very early, after writing a new essay on the events of the huge class struggle in France and in Europe, he went to bed to have a rest. He never woke up again. His work, still not finished, stated a call on French workers: “Our fight in the streets of Paris must set on fire Europe! Out Sarkozy! Out the Fifth Republic of the French imperialist butchers!  For the return of the Commune of Paris! Only in that way, by the proletarian revolution and its huge historical upheavals, the Europe and French working class will stop the brutal attack that the ruling classes have launched without mercy to make exploited of the world pay for the crisis they have provoked.”

From the FLTI, the leaders and militants who share his combat can only say that he lived a short but fruitful life at the service of the world proletariat. We do not have doubts that if he could have predicted this tragic end, surely, he would affirm, holding his fist high, “I would’ve given even more years of my life for the cause of proletariat!” 

Today, the bourgeoisie, like in Argentina, holds a wake one of its heroes, such as Kirchner, that saved their interests thanks to the treasons of the leaderships of the Argentinean and Latin American proletariat. Roque told us that it was not possible to have any condolence or to pay tribute to the leaders of the proletariat’s class enemies whose government and regimes had murdered thousands and thousands of workers in Argentina and in the American continent. He said that the hug of the bolibourgeoisies paying tribute to Kirchner only hid, under a sweet veneer, the gunmen of the union bureaucracy that had massacred the young Ferreyra, militant of Partido Obrero.  How right Roque was! We only pay tribute and we honour the militants of the world proletariat, to the heroes (many times anonymous and other times popular) who die while fighting for the program of revolutionary Marxism.  
For our honour of revolutionary workers and militants of the Fourth International and of the fight for re-founding it, we know we will continue this fight. Roque was part of the new generation that feverishly sought the continuity and legacy of the Fourth International of 1938, which was destroyed and liquidated during decades of adaptations and capitulations with which the destroyers of Trotskyism left no tracks of bolshevism.  

FLTI has been nourished and is nourished by a new generation of revolutionary workers youth. Comrade Trotsky reminded us that when a movement becomes impotent to lead proletariat to the victory in history, it disappears and the generation who carried it out degenerates. Our comrade Roque was not part of those tired souls, and for that reason he crossed thousands of kilometers to set up a fighting international centre to fight for re-founding the Fourth International.   
This new generation of revolutionaries has and has had the perspicacious of thinking with their own head, seeking feverishly for the lessons of the great combats of the international proletariat to give continuity to the Marxist theory, that is, the theory of the proletariat revolution, a thousand times trampled on and falsified by revisionism in Marxism. Roque used to say that it is not possible to walk ahead in the fight for the socialist revolution without fighting resolutely for giving continuity to the program of proletariat so that it does not start again facing each decisive combat in the history. To that cause, he dedicated great part of his forces during the last years as a publicist. The lack of facility he had to speak and express himself orally was perfectly substituted in a brilliant way for his magnificent and acute blessing as a publicist.   

In his essay on the events of France, Roque said that the imperialist French bankers and owners of the transnational companies are the grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great grandchildren of those who stuck their umbrellas in the Paris communers massacred in 1871, heirs of those who, with the popular front in 1936-38, delivered the French proletariat with their hands and feet tied up to Marshal Petain for him to give Hitler the keys of Paris. The imperialist bourgeoisie of today, daughter of De Gaulle, Mitterrand, Giscard D’Estaing, Pompidou and other dregs of the imperialist Fifth Republic, remembers very well how they managed to defeat the heroic revolution of French May in ’68, with the treason of Stalinism.  

The exploiters inherit the property and the lessons of how their previous generations smashed the proletariat. The comrades of the African secretariat of FLTI pay tribute to him by stating that his program –the program of the entire FLTI- on France is already being cooked with low flame in the barricades of Paris, in the pickets of the oil workers…in the worker youth immigrants of the Citiés-the vanguard of the exploited in the combat- which are treated like vandals by the union bureaucracy and aristocracies-servants of the imperialist bourgeoisie. The new uprisings and new general strikes of Guadeloupe and Martinique pose the unity of the proletariat of colonies and semi-colonies with the proletariat in the metropolis.  That is the way. The starting point to get the victory is there. You have put a great effort in this combat. Perhaps, it caused that your health to break earlier and in a cruel and premature way it cost you your life. We know that if you had known it beforehand, you would have done the same and much more for your convictions. 
The crisis of our world party prevents the new generation of the proletariat from entering the combat with that legacy of historical lessons to win. Roque insisted that the treacherous leaderships force the proletariat to start always from the beginning, snatching proletariat here and there the landmarks of socialism it won throughout its combat. The fight to re-found the Fourth International, the world party for the socialist revolution, is that the proletariat -with lessons of its historical combat- build the leadership that leads it to victory, that is, to the international socialist revolution. This was understood by the new generation of revolutionary Trotskyists to whom the old generation only gave promises of victories but left nothing else than landmarks of miserable defeats.  

Comrade Roque Sanchez: today we pay tribute and honour to your revolutionary militancy, your combat that is the same fight that the new generation of the proletariat is already giving in the streets of Europe, in the enslaved Africa, in the untamable and rebel Palestine, in the streets of USA and is fighting toughly in the American continent. We say goodbye to you and honour your struggle for the socialist revolution.

In your tribute we re-vindicate the Fourth International and its founder members of ’38, and state with you, as we have always done, that between Trotskyism and Stalinism there is a blood river. Thus, the FLTI (of which you are a founder member) is at the front line of combat against the impostors of socialism who, under the name of socialism, attacks on the masses like in Cuba by dismissing hundred thousands of workers, similarly or in a worst way than Sarkozy, the Queen of England, the German transnationals and bourbons of Spain.  This is what the Cuban Stalinist bureaucracy does, who is today ready to become the agent of capitalist restoration, as yesterday were the Stalinists, giving away the workers states and becoming new managers of Citibank and the Morgan Bank.

We pay tribute to a militant of the Fourth International whose historical task will be to clean the way of the proletariat and remove so many treacherous leaderships that sell out its combat and gains. We pay tribute to nothing more and nothing less than an internationalist revolutionary who died proud of being part of an international centre that fights for re-founding the Fourth International. In our tribute, no hypocrisy exists. Sometimes, your distractions prevented you from focusing on your tasks more coherently. Your passion to re-found Peruvian Trotskyism, sometimes, separated you from the combat for an international centre. However, you always tried it over and over again. Always.  And to think that petty bourgeois, servants of the social-imperialist parties, dared to expel you applying the worst Lambertist methods of the Peruvian Trotskyism, accusing you of “crazy”… “sick boy”…We looked at each other and we recognized ourselves. They used the same treatment used by Stalinism against its dissidents.

Stalinism masked as Trotskyism. We cry out: “Long live the ‘crazy’!” and thus, we advanced towards a Bolshevik merger.  You were proud of that fight. Such fight is already heritage of our tendency, as every fight we wage when we broke relentlessly the parties that far of serving at proletariat, they submitted it to the bourgeoisie and did that in order to back every treacherous union bureaucracy that led proletariat to a dead end.

His comrades in Lima are aware of his work among health workers, the uprising mining workers in Casapalca know about his internationalist combat when he took there the solidarity of hundreds of worker organizations of the world; solidarity with their struggle and against the repression they had suffered that was led by FLTI groups at world-wide level.  The agricultural workers of Trujillo met him fighting for the general strike together with the comrades of Nucleo Obrero Revolucionario of that province who today are sympathizer of FLTI.

The comrades of the Liga Trotskista Internacionalista --Internationalist Trotskyist League-- of Peru are losing an international leader. The health workers, the revolutionary students will feel his absence. The mining and agricultural workers will ask for him.  But we, the workers of Paris, and Africa, the revolutionaries of the American continent and all the members of the International Leninist Trotskyist Fraction will not feel less such absence. His revolutionary personality will be irreplaceable, but his fight, without any doubt, will be continued for the revolutionary worker youth. 

Our Transitional program states that the battlefield is full of fake politicians, of rubble of the counterrevolutionary and reformist currents. That there are more corrupted than incorruptible ones in the planet. You are one of the latter, of the upright militants for the proletariat cause who was in the battlefield entirely.

Comrade Roque Sánchez:   For socialism forever! Forward to the victory of the international socialist revolution! Long live the fight to re-found the Fourth International!
Fracción Leninista Trotskista Internacional (International Leninist Trotskyist Fraction)